Is Enameled Cast Iron Safe for Cooking?

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Is Enameled Cast Iron Safe for Your Kitchen? Exploring the Pros and Cons

Among the numerous cookware options available, cast iron cookware stands out due to its versatility and durability. However, the question remains: Is enameled cast iron safe for cooking? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the pros and cons of enameled cookware to help you make an informed decision.

Enameled cast iron cookware has become a staple in many kitchens, offering a blend of classic charm and modern convenience. However, before adding it to your culinary collection, you’ll want to know about its safety aspects and overall performance. Let’s explore whether or not enameled cast iron is a safe choice for your cooking needs.

What is enameled Cast Iron?

Enameled cast iron is a type of cookware that combines the exceptional heat retention and even heating properties of traditional cast iron with an enamel coating. This enamel layer is made from powdered glass that has been fired, typically at a temperature between 750°C and 850°C (1380–1560°F). The powder melts, spreads and then hardens to a smooth, durable coating. This provides an easy-to-clean surface that is non-reactive for your cooking.

enameled pots and pans
Enameled Cast-Iron Cookware

The Pros of Enameled Cast Iron

  • Durability and Longevity: Enameled cast iron is renowned for its robustness. It can withstand high temperatures and is resistant to scratches and stains, ensuring it retains its elegant appearance over time. Some cooks like to use enameled cast iron for slow cooking at a low-to-medium temperature.

Most enameled cookware can withstand oven temperatures of up to 450°F but this will vary depending on the brand. However, it’s best to avoid searing cuts of meat in an enameled cast iron pan, as it could adversely affect the enamel.

  • Excellent Heat Retention: One of the standout features of enameled cast iron is its amazing ability to retain heat. This ensures your dishes are cooked consistently and thoroughly.
  • Versatility in Cooking: From roasting meats to slow-cooking stews, enameled cast iron excels in various cooking techniques. It’s compatible with electric stovetops, ovens, gas and even induction cooktops.
  • Cleaning Convenience: The enamel layer provides a smooth, non-porous surface, making the cookware generally non-stick and easy to clean.

Cons of Enameled Cookware

  • Weight and Bulkiness: Enameled cast iron is undeniably heavy, which can be challenging for some cooks to handle. Its bulkiness can also pose storage issues in smaller kitchens.
  • Cost: While it offers excellent value in the long run, enameled cast iron cookware can be 3-4 times more expensive than its bare counterparts. The initial investment may be a deterrent if you’re budget-conscious.
  • Prone to Chipping: The enamel coating, although durable, can chip if it’s subjected to rough handling or sudden temperature changes. This may affect the cookware’s aesthetics and, in some cases, its performance.

Is Enameled Cast Iron Safe?

Safety of the Enamel Coating

The enamel coating on enameled cast iron is generally safe for cooking. It creates a non-porous surface, preventing any interaction between the food and the cast iron underneath.

Potential Health Concerns

There have been concerns about the safety of enamel coatings, particularly in terms of lead content. However, reputable manufacturers adhere to strict regulations, ensuring their products are free from harmful substances.

Maintaining Enameled Cast Iron

Cleaning and Care

To prolong the life of your enameled cast iron cookware, hand washing with mild detergent is recommended. Don’t use abrasive scouring pads because they’re likely to scratch the enamel.


Unlike “bare” cast iron, enameled cast iron does not need to be seasoned. However, it won’t hurt to apply a thin layer of vegetable oil every now and then to ensure it stays non-stick.

where to buy enameled cast iron cookware

FAQs About Enameled Cast Iron

What is the difference between regular cast iron and enameled cast iron?

Enameled cast iron has a vitreous coating that regular cast iron lacks. This coating makes it non-reactive and easier to clean. Regular or “bare” cast iron does not have this protective coating.

Can I use enameled cast iron on high heat?

Yes, enameled cast iron is safe to use on high heat. It can withstand oven temperatures well above 400°F (204°C). However, avoid sudden temperature changes, as it could adversely affect the enamel. For this reason, it’s also not recommended for searing cuts of meat. Use a skillet instead, then transfer your meat over to the enameled pan or Dutch oven to complete the cooking process.

Is enameled cast iron dishwasher-safe?

While it’s generally safe to wash your enameled pots and pans in a dishwasher, hand washing in warm, soapy water is recommended to maintain the enamel’s integrity.

How can I prevent chipping of the enamel coating?

Handle your enameled cast iron cookware with care, avoid extreme temperature changes, and refrain from using metal utensils when cooking with enameled cookware. Use wooden, nylon or silicone utensils instead.

Are there any food restrictions when using enameled cast iron?

Enameled cast iron is versatile and can be used for a wide range of dishes. However, acidic foods, such as lemon, vinegar or tomato sauce, may gradually dull the enamel finish.

Can you use enameled cast iron on a gas stove?

Because enameled cast iron is an excellent conductor of heat and retains heat well, it is ideal for cooking on a gas stove, electric stovetop or induction. However, outdoor cooking over campfires could affect the enamel finish.

How do you clean enameled cast iron?

Enameled cookware is generally easy to clean with warm, soapy water and a non-abrasive pad, thanks to the smooth, vitreous coating. If you have any problems with cleaning your enameled cast iron, see our post on how to clean burned pan bottoms.

Does enameled cast iron contain lead?

Enamel cookware made nowadays does not contain lead. However, an antique enamel pot, particularly one that has bright colors, may contain lead. The FDA has strict safety standards to ensure that enamel cookware is safe for cooking.

What is the safest cookware for your health?

Cookware with the least toxicity are non-stick pots and pans such as cast iron, stainless steel, glass, ceramic and enamel-coated cast iron.


In conclusion, enameled cast iron is a safe and reliable choice for your kitchen, provided you handle it with care. Its durability, excellent heat retention and versatility would make it a valuable addition to your cookware collection. By understanding its pros and cons, you can confidently incorporate enameled cast iron cookware into your culinary ventures.

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